Bukhansan National Park (Seoul District)

Experience the breathtaking beauty of Bukhansan National Park, home to the majestic Bukhansan and Dobongsan Mountains. Hike to the iconic peaks of Baegundae Terrace, Insubong Peak, and Mangyeongdae Terrace, and uncover the rich history and cultural significance of this "three-horned mountain."

Discover the Majestic Beauty of Bukhansan National Park

Welcome to Bukhansan National Park, a breathtaking natural wonder nestled in the heart of Seoul District. With its mesmerizing peaks, lush forests, and historic landmarks, this national park offers an unforgettable experience for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike. Let’s embark on a journey to explore the wonders of Bukhansan Mountain and its captivating surroundings.

Awe-Inspiring Peaks and Landmarks

At the heart of Bukhansan National Park lies the majestic Bukhansan Mountain, which officially became a national park in 1983. This sprawling park encompasses both Bukhansan and Dobongsan Mountains, covering a vast area of 80.699 square kilometers. As you ascend the mountain, you’ll encounter several remarkable peaks, including the famous Baegundae Terrace, towering at an impressive height of 835.6 meters. Other notable peaks include Insubong Peak (810.5 m) and Mangyeongdae Terrace (799.5 m), collectively known as the “three-horned mountain” or “Samgaksan.”

These peaks have long been revered for their stunning vistas and serene ambiance. They offer panoramic views that stretch across the cityscape of Seoul, providing an unparalleled opportunity to witness the beauty of both urban and natural landscapes blending harmoniously together.

A Rich Tapestry of History and Culture

Bukhansan Mountain holds a rich historical and cultural significance that adds an extra layer of allure to this national park. Throughout its existence, the mountain has been known by various names, each reflecting its unique characteristics and legends. From Sambongsan, meaning “mountain with three peaks,” to Hwasan, translating to “flower mountain,” and even Buaak, symbolizing a mountain shaped like a person giving a piggyback ride to a baby, these names evoke a sense of mystique and enchantment.

However, it was under the reign of King Sukjong during the Joseon dynasty that the mountain received its current name, Bukhansan. This name originated after the construction of the magnificent Bukhansanseong Fortress, which stands as a testament to the region’s historical significance. The fortress served as a protective stronghold and played a crucial role in defending the capital city of Seoul.

An Outdoor Paradise for Adventure Seekers

For outdoor enthusiasts, Bukhansan National Park offers an array of thrilling activities. The park features numerous hiking trails catering to hikers of all skill levels, ranging from gentle strolls amidst picturesque scenery to challenging ascents that will test your endurance.

  • One popular trail is the Baegundae Peak Trail, leading you to the highest point of Bukhansan Mountain. This route rewards hikers with breathtaking views and allows them to conquer the summit.
  • If you prefer a less strenuous hike, the Uiryeong Pass Trail offers a more tranquil experience, meandering through serene forests and offering glimpses of captivating flora and fauna.
  • For those seeking a truly immersive adventure, the Dulegil Trails provide a network of paths that connect various cultural and natural sites, allowing you to delve deeper into the park’s heritage.

No matter which trail you choose, you’re bound to encounter hidden gems along the way, including ancient temples, tranquil streams, and mesmerizing rock formations. These natural wonders offer a sense of serenity and a chance to reconnect with nature in its purest form.

Plan Your Visit to Bukhansan National Park

With its mesmerizing peaks, rich history, and thrilling outdoor activities, Bukhansan National Park is a must-visit destination for any traveler seeking a unique blend of nature and culture. Whether you’re an avid hiker, a history buff, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of the great outdoors, this national park promises an unforgettable experience. So pack your hiking boots, grab your camera, and get ready to embark on an adventure that will leave you with memories to last a lifetime.